Blog/Grammar tips
22 January 2024
3 min read

Chris’s or Chris’: Mastering Possessive Forms in English Grammar

Navigating the intricacies of English grammar can sometimes feel like trying to solve a puzzle with too many similar-looking pieces. One such puzzle is the use of possessive forms, especially with names ending in 's'. A common point of confusion arises with names like Chris. Should it be Chris’s or Chris’? This article aims to demystify this grammatical conundrum, offering clear guidelines and examples to ensure you're always grammatically on point.

Understanding the Possessive Form of Chris

The possessive form in English is used to indicate ownership or association. With most singular nouns, we simply add an apostrophe followed by an 's' to create this form. However, when it comes to singular proper nouns ending in 's', like Chris, the rules can seem a bit murky.

The Debate: Chris’s or Chris’?

Traditionally, the possessive form of a singular noun ending in 's' is made by adding an apostrophe and another 's'. This rule applies to names as well. Therefore, according to this guideline, the correct possessive form of Chris would be Chris’s.

Example: Chris’s bike was left in the yard.

However, some style guides and grammar rules suggest that adding just an apostrophe (without an 's') after a singular noun ending in 's' is also acceptable. This leads to the form Chris’.

Example: Chris’ book is on the table.

The Modern Approach

In recent years, there has been a shift towards a more streamlined approach. Many contemporary style guides, including The Associated Press Stylebook, recommend using only the apostrophe after singular proper names ending in 's'. This approach favors Chris’ over Chris’s.

Example: Chris’ car needs servicing.

However, it's important to note that both forms are widely accepted and understood. The choice often comes down to personal preference or adherence to a specific style guide, especially in professional or academic writing.

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Examples in Context

Let’s see how this plays out in different sentences:

  • Chris’s approach to the problem was innovative. (Traditional form)
  • At the party, I noticed Chris’ new hairstyle. (Modern form)

Both sentences are correct, but they follow different style preferences.

Summary and Key Insights

In summary, both Chris’s and Chris’ are acceptable forms for the possessive case of the name Chris. The choice between them depends on the style guide you are following or your personal preference. The traditional rule favors Chris’s, while modern usage often simplifies it to Chris’.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1: Is Chris’s grammatically correct?

A1: Yes, Chris’s is grammatically correct and aligns with the traditional rule of adding 's to a singular noun for the possessive case, even if it ends in 's'.

Q2: Can I use Chris’ in formal writing?

A2: Yes, you can use Chris’ in formal writing, especially if the style guide you are following recommends this form.

Q3: How do I decide which form to use?

A3: The decision often depends on the style guide you are adhering to or your personal preference. If there’s no specific requirement, choose the one you are more comfortable with.

Q4: Does the pronunciation change between Chris’s and Chris’?

A4: Generally, there is no pronunciation difference between Chris’s and Chris’. Both are pronounced as "Chris-es."

Q5: Are there other names where this rule applies?

A5: Yes, this rule applies to any singular proper noun ending in 's', like James, Louis, or Alexis.


Whether you choose Chris’s or Chris’, the most important thing is consistency in your writing. Understanding the nuances of English grammar enhances the clarity and professionalism of your communication. If you're ever in doubt, remember that our expert content writing agency is here to help. We offer top-notch writing services, SEO content, and unlimited revisions to ensure your writing is not only grammatically correct but also engaging and effective.

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